The new U.S. National Security Strategy (NSS), despite international consensus to the contrary, codified the Trump administration's commitment to pushing a fossil-fuel first strategy overseas for achieving universal energy access, which it claimed is pro-growth.

"U.S. leadership is indispensable to countering an anti-growth energy agenda that is detrimental to U.S. economic and energy security interests," says the NSS, which was released this week. "Given future global energy demand, much of the developing world will require fossil fuels, as well as other forms of energy, to power their economies and lift their people out of poverty."

Further, it says that the United States "can serve as a model to other countries" by reducing "traditional pollution" and greenhouse gases while expanding the economy (which it says must free of "onerous regulation").

The Trump administration was widely criticized at the Bonn climate negotiations last month for promoting what it called “efficient” use of coal, nuclear energy and natural gas as an answer to climate change.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) said in a recent report that "decentralised systems, led by solar PV in off-grid and mini-grid systems, will be the least-cost solution for three-quarters of the additional connections needed" to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7) by 2030.